What is the Flood & How to prevent floods?
Floods are natural disasters where a land is typically dry abruptly becomes immersed in water. Flood can be defined as a flash flood of water onto a dry land. Here is our best measurable guide on How to prevent floods…
Flooding takes place due to the overflow of rivers, streams, lakes, or rivers and as a result of heavy rainfall.
Whenever flooding happens, there is the possibility of hardship, damage, loss to people and property. This is because flood can carry cards, bridges, homes and even people.
Flooding destroys crops and can clean trees and other big structures on land. Some floods occur normally and fade quickly while some take several days or months to form and to end as of duration, variation in size and the area affected.
Where does flood occur frequently?
Usually, the normal practice of water is that it leads from the top ground to below ground. This means if there is a higher ground adjoining a lower ground, the lower ground is more likely to experience floods.
Anywhere that rains occur, floods can easily develop. This is so as anytime there are heavy rains bring in more water than it can be absorbed by the soil, there is a heavy flood potential.
In numerous cities, there are buildings situated in waterways. Other places have terrible and blocked drainage systems.
The risk is that, with the excessive rains, water will invent its own level however it cannot locate its way then this lead to flooding.
Any plain low ground zone next to a lake, lagoon or river is too more prone to have floods as the water level goes up. This included shorelines and coastal areas, as seawater easily swept inland through strong tides, winds, and tsunamis.
Natural causes of a flood:
Each time there are heavy rains than the drainage system can take, there can be more chances of floods. Sometimes heavy rain results in floods. Sometimes, there may be light rain but fall for many days can even result in floods.
2. River overflow
Rivers can overflow their banks to cause flooding. This happens when there is a huge amount of water upstream than usual, and as it goes downstream to the adjacent low ground areas, there is a burst and water flows into the land.
3. Strong winds
Massive hurricanes and winds can flow seawater into dry coastal lands and lead to flooding. Sometimes this becomes worse if the winds carry rains themselves.
4. Snow melts
In several cold regions, heavy snow in winter usually stays solid for some time. There are also so many mountains that have ice on top. But sometimes the snow suddenly melt when the temperature increases, resulting in a huge movement of water into places that are dry. This is called a snowmelt flood.
5. Clogged drainage
Flooding can also take place when rainfall runoff snowmelt cannot be channeled properly into the drainage system allowing the water to flow overland. The place remains flooded till the waterways or stormwater systems are rectified.
1. Broken dams
Dams are man made huge blocks made to hold water flowing down from a high ground. The Power in the water is utilized to switch propellers to produce electricity. So many times, too much water collected in the dam can cause it to burst and overflow the area.
Excess water can also be released from the dam intentionally to prevent it from bursting and that to cause floods.
2. New construction and land development
New construction on unused lands affects the natural drainage of that area. With more land belong to construction for new buildings and homes, there is less land to absorb water. This makes such areas more prone to flooding.
By knowing and understanding the natural and human-made causes that lead to flooding, help you can reduce your risk and work accordingly. If your building or home experiences flood damage, contact a professional for water damage restoration.
These experts have the best equipment to remove flood water and can also restore your building or home to its original condition.
How do flood harm society or human beings?
Floods influence both individuals and communities and have economic, social and environmental consequences. Flood affects people in so many ways.
Flooding can destroy homes, damage properties, create a financial burden as well as cause emotional hardship. Dealing with floods also can bring together fostering camaraderie, communities, and goodwill.
During flood farms, road, bridges, buildings, and houses are destroyed. People become homeless. Moreover, the government deploys police, firemen and other emergency apparatuses to assist the affected.
All these cost a lot to the government and the people. It generally takes years for affected communities to re-built and business to set up back to normalcy.
Some insurance companies able to cover destruction caused by flooding, however others will not. The destruction caused by natural causes is not completely covered by insurances.
Homeowners should check with their agent to make sure proper coverage for natural disasters can be recovered.
For too many Americans, the national flood insurance program is a main source of insurance. But without appropriate insurance flood-caused families might be left without better alternate shelter or to meet their general needs. States may offer government aid to flood-affected families.
People and animals
Many animals and people have died in the floods. Many more are severely injured and other become homeless. Electricity and water supply are disrupted and families struggle and suffer.
Additionally, flooding brings a bundle of diseases as well as infections including pneumonic plague, military fever, dysentery, and dermatopathia. Sometimes snakes and insects make their ways to find the area and cause a lot of havoc.
People affected by flash flooding may experience a wide range of emotions, including fear, anxiety, frustration and anger, grief, and sadness. It is common for people who experience traumatic events like flooding, to experience the loss of appetite, difficulty sleeping, angry moods or depressed.
Often mental health experts are made available by some organizations, ensuring people that they will get timely information, have their needs met.
How to avoid flood risk?
The main reason your home and basement can flood during a heavy rainstorm is that of the clogged drainage system. To assist you to keep water from seeping into areas it’s not needed, Flexidam offers the following flood prevention tips you can take to protect your buildings, home and other belongings from the heavy flood.
Buy flood insurance
Buying flood insurance is a great idea even if you live in a low-risk area. Flood damage is not covered by a homeowner’s insurance policies, and even low areas suffer from flooding, if there are inappropriate drainage systems or if the snow melts. Insurance policies in low-risk regions start at $100.
Construct homes above flood levels
Many countries have constructed all new buildings above from the ground to prevent flood damage. This can to a large extent save homes from flood damage and will lessen the number of homeless people due to flood.
In so many developing countries, drainage systems are blocked with litter and people have no knowledge of the impacts that can have during a rainfall. When it rains, culverts and waterways are choked by a massive chunk of debris and litter, and water finds its way into the people’s homes and streets.
Thus, education is very essential to caution and inform people about the risks of floods what causes a flood, and how to do its prevention to minimize the impact.
Shrubs, trees, plants, and grass assist protect the land from erosion by moving water. People living in lower ground areas must be encouraged to use maximum vegetation to help break the power of moving water and also assist to reduce erosion.
What are the best flood prevention barriers?
Floods are becoming more usual in the world. What was once a 100-years phenomenon now becomes a seasonal trend that people must deal with? And the best solution deployed to fight these flood water is flexidam and the sandbag alternative.
Water inflated barrier
Flexidam is water inflated barriers that act as temporary dams, they consist of two inner tubes, which carry the water and are strong enough to withstand severe flood conditions. Water inflated barriers are durable and sturdy. They are designed in a way so that they and be reused. When not in use, they can be stored away for future use.
Water barrier socks are one of the fastest growing flood protection tool in North America. They are available in lengths starts from 5fr to 17ft. This food protection device is also suitable for all types of environments.
It is another invention that can be stacked, interlocked and positioned to protect commercial spaces and homes from flooding. The best thing about the device is that its lightweight, means no experts are required to install it at your place.
Never play or swim around in flood water. As it may contain bacteria, chemical, and disease-causing organisms. If your skin gets exposure in flood water, make sure to wash it immediately with disinfected water and soap as the contents are unknown.